Joey from Made by Joey is with us today to share the amazing process of keeping Mason Bees in your own backyard…
Now that the weather is beginning to warm up it’s time to get outside and explore nature! Mason bees are a fun way to explore insects right in your own backyard. They are native to North America and are a very docile bee that do not tend to sting. The males do not have a stinger and the females will only sting if trapped. This provides a perfect opportunity to safely explore the bee life cycle with children.
The Mason Bee Life Cycle
Spring: When the weather starts to warm up in the Spring (mid March) you will start to see newly emerged mason bees flying about your garden. This is the time that the males and females mate and the females are looking for a location to lay her eggs. Putting up a mason bee home is an excellent way of collecting free cocoons and continue your studies in the Autumn! The female bees will lay eggs in the home until the end of Spring(mid June), and then they will die.
Summer: After one week the eggs will hatch inside the home and the larvae will feed on the pollen and nectar that the Mama bees packed inside the tube. In late June the larva then spins a cocoon and begins to develop into an adult bee inside the cocoon.
Autumn: In the Autumn(October) you can then get a close up look at the cocoons that the bees have made inside the tubes. Using a mason bee scoop, clean the tubes and cocoons and store in a container in the refrigerator until the following Spring. The cocoons need to hibernate for 6 months.
The following Spring: When the weather is a consistent 14°C (57°F) and there are lots of blossoms bursting with pollen, you can start to put out your cocoons for them to emerge. Protect the cocoons by putting them inside a small box with a 8mm(5/16″) hole at one end. When the bee emerges from its cocoon it will follow the light and come out of the hole for you to observe! The males bees are the first to emerge.
Types of mason bee homes:
There are several types of mason bee homes available to purchase or you can build your own. The home itself can be made from untreated wood or something as simple as plastic pipe. Inside the home are tubes for the female mason bees to enter and lay their eggs. These tubes can be made from wood, plastic or paper. The wood and plastic tubes can be reused year after year. The paper tubes must be replaced every year.
Learning materials to use with your children:
I have also designed some free printable materials that you can use with your children or students.
- Body parts of a mason bee
- Mason bee observation sheet
- Mason bee true or false quiz
- Looking inside a mason bee home
Books on Mason Bees:
- Pollination with Mason Bees – Dr. Margriet Dogterom
- Mason Bees for the backyard gardener – Sherian Wright
Links to interesting videos and websites:
Mason Bee Life cycle: (excellent photos of each stage)
I hope that your family takes advantage of this amazing opportunity to observe and learn about nature up close. I have only touched on a few topics that can be incorporated into your lesson, there is so much more to learn! If you are not able to put up a mason bee home at your home, I suggest looking up public gardens in your area that may have them, and go take a peak!